China is the world’s most populous country, with a population of about 1.428 billion in 2017. China is the biggest country positioned completely inside Asia, covering over 3.7 million square miles. The larger section of the country is mountainous. Its important ranges are the Tien Shan, the Kunlun chain, and the Trans-Himalaya. In the southwest is Tibet, which China annexed in 1950. The Gobi Desert lies to the north.
China proper consists of three outstanding river systems: the Yellow River (Huang He), 2,109 mi (5,464 km) long; the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang), the third-longest river in the world at 2,432 mi (6,300 km); and the Pearl River (Zhu Jiang), 848 mi (2,197 km) long. It has an large coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
China is one of the oldest cultures on the planet, and has made famed contributions to all sorts of art, literature, architecture, engineering, and more. Western audiences would be most acquainted with China’s architecture, particularly the Great Wall of China (which, contrary to famous belief, can’t be viewed from house with the bare eye).
Below are the photographs of China when it used to be nevertheless underdeveloped: